VIDEO A WOMAN WORRIES ABOUT A LUMP IN HER NECK SO HER DOCTOR GETS TESTS THE SYMPTOMS AND NEW TREATMENTS OF HODGKINS LYMPHOMA WHAT ARE LYMPH NODES
You're rubbing your neck when suddenly you find a lump in it. Your friend Larry once found a lymph node in his neck and it turned out to be Hodgkins Lymphoma, (Hodgkin's Disease) a cancer. You have read in his biography that Paul Allen, the cofounder of Microsoft was diagnosed with Hodgkin in 1983. In fact the most common symptom that people show up with when they have Hodgkins Lymphoma is painless lymphadenopathy. That is a painless swollen lymph node. You panic and run to the doctor who says it's a swollen lymph node probably from your throat infection. But as you can see in this video sometimes you have to be more insistent with your doctor to get his or her attention to a suspicious swelling in the neck
Video A Woman Tells How Her Concern to her Doctor Helped Find Her Lymphoma Click the arrow
What is a lymph node anyway? Why do lymph nodes get big? There are a number of reasons lymph nodes can enlarge. When you have a throat infection,for example, the lymph nodes in the neck often mistakenly called "glands" can get enlarged because the lymphatic system is involved in fighting infection. Another possible reason for lymph node enlargement is cancer such as Hodgkins Lymphoma.
Cancer can travel along the lymphatic system. The lymph nodes are like traps in the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is a network of lymph nodes connected by "pipes" somewhat analogous to blood vessels and it is a vital part of the immune system. So the lymphatic vessels carry lymph like blood vessels carry blood. These lymph vessels "drain" into lymph nodes along the way. In the lymph nodes, various immune system actors like white blood cells and macrophages can collect, interact with each other and antigens, and generate immune responses to foreign substances which can be trapped in the "net" in the nodes. That is part of how the lymphatic system is involved with immunity and fighting infection.
Video New Treatments for Hodgkins Lymphoma Click the arrow
Allen was in his thirties when diagnosed. In fact, Hodgkins Lypmhoma has a so called bimodal incidence with one peak in the age group of 15 to 34 and the second peak in people over sixty. Hodgkins lymphoma can show up or "present" with painless swollen lymph nodes and may or may not be accompanied with other symptoms such as fever, night sweats, weight loss and cough. Tests to detect and "stage " it include blood tests, x rays, CT scans and biopsy. The good news is that Hodgkin Lymphoma has a very high survival rate. As you saw in the video doctors and scientists are using new therapy combinations for Hodgkin because the older therapies can lead to other medical problems like heart problems and secondary cancers.